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"I believe in Truth in Advertising!"
Nel 1995 la guerra nella ex-Jugoslavia si avvicinava al termine, dopo poco si sarebbero conclusi gli accordi di pace che avviarono il processo di frammentazione in stati nazionali degli ex-stati della Federazione Jugoslava. Di fatto la dissoluzione della Federazione.
L’11 luglio del 1995 a Srebrenica furono uccisi oltre 8000 bosniaci mussulmani da parte delle milizie e dei cetnici serbi guidati dal Generale Mladic, il più grande genocidio avvenuto in Europa dalla fine della Seconda Guerra Mondiale.
Nella guerra nella ex-Jugoslavia ci sono state molte Srebrenica, più silenziose, molto defilate, che tutti vogliono dimenticare a causa del carico di violenza e follia che le provocarono.
Scenari di violenza e assurda aberrazione umana continuano a ripetersi, gli ultimi eventi a Gaza, in Iraq, in Ucraina rappresentano fronti di guerra complessi, segnali di un nuovo assetto geopolitico in aree delicate e strategiche. C’è un meccanismo perverso fatto di interessi economici e fondamentalismi che si autoalimenta e si sostiene, un sistema nel quale a pagarne le conseguenze sono in larghissima parte le popolazioni civili.
Il grande errore o la grande ingenuità che fu compiuta dall’Europa nel 1991, quando la guerra nei Balcani era appena all’inizio, fu quello di sottovalutare la portata e la capacità espansiva e violenta del conflitto.
Parlare oggi della guerra in Jugoslavia, a distanza di 20 anni, significa vedere e rivedere cosa non è stato fatto, quali errori furono commessi, prima, durante e dopo. Molti anni fa sull’argomento uscì per Einaudi un bel libro di Luca Rastello “La guerra in casa”, ovviamente il titolo faceva riferimento alla caratteristica principale di quel conflitto: la guerra tra coloro che fino al giorno prima erano stati cittadini di uno stesso stato, ma con “guerra in casa” Rastello si riferiva anche all’Europa, che avrebbe dovuto e dovrebbe essere la casa di molti popoli.
Sarebbe importante se davanti a questi fronti di guerra l’Europa si comportasse come un soggetto politico unito, capace di guidare politiche convergenti di pace ma efficaci nel sostegno e nella risoluzione dei conflitti. Sarebbe importante se, sempre l’Europa, oltre a parlare di limiti di spesa e percentuali di PIL, guardasse al suo ruolo di soggetto di integrazione, inclusione e mediazione politica e culturale. Come la guerra genera guerra, allo stesso modo non affrontare le conflittualità sociali in casa genera odio e risentimento per molti anni.
Translation:In 1995, the war in the former Yugoslavia was coming to an end, after a while it would be concluded peace agreements that started the process of fragmentation in the nation states of the former states of the Yugoslav Federation. In fact, the dissolution of the Federation.
On 11 July 1995 at Srebrenica were killed over 8,000 Bosnian Muslims by Serb militias and the Chetniks led by General Mladic, the biggest genocide in Europe since the end of World War II.
In the war in the former Yugoslavia, there were many Srebrenica, quieter, very defilate, that everyone wants to forget because of the burden of violence and madness that caused.
Scenes of violence and absurd human aberration continues to repeat itself, the recent events in Gaza, in Iraq, in Ukraine represent complex war fronts, signs of a new geopolitical and strategic in sensitive areas. There is a perverse fact of economic interests and fundamentalism that feeds on itself, and it is argued, a system in which to pay the consequences are mostly held by civilians.
The great mistake or the great ingenuity that was accomplished from Europe in 1991, when the Balkan war was just the beginning, was to underestimate the scope and capacity for expansion and violent conflict.
Speaking today the war in Yugoslavia, after 20 years, is to see and review what has not been done, what mistakes were made before, during and after. Many years ago on the subject Einaudi went out to a nice book of Luke Rastello “The war at home,” of course, the title referred to the main feature of the conflict: the war between those who up to the day before they were citizens of the same state , but with the “war at home” Rastello was referring to Europe, which should have and should be the home of many peoples.
It would be important if the presence of these war fronts in Europe would behave as a united political entity, capable of leading convergent policies of peace but effective in supporting and conflict resolution. It would be important if, ever in Europe, as well as talk about spending limits and percentage of GDP, he looked to his role as the subject of integration, inclusion and cultural and political mediation. As the war produces war, we do not deal with social unrest at home generates hatred and resentment for many years.
Buying and Selling in the World’s Bazaars, Souks, and Markets
In The Bazaars of Hyderabad
What do you sell, Oh ye merchants?
Richly your wares are displayed,
Turbans of crimson and silver,
Tunics of purple brocade,
Mirrors with panels of amber,
Daggers with handles of jade.
What do you weigh, Oh ye vendors?
Saffron, lentil and rice.
What do you cry, Oh fruitmen?
Citron, pomegranate and plum.
What do you make, Oh ye goldsmiths?
Wristlet and anklet and ring,
Bells for the feet of blue pigeons,
Frail as a dragon-fly’s wing,
Girdles of gold for the dancers,
Scabbards of gold for the king.
Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949)
Known as The Nightingale of India
Breaking: reports of an “active shooter” at a U.S. Army base in Virginia, which is now on “lockdown.” No word on injuries or status of gunman.
Are medical professionals biased against the mentally ill?
THE first time it was an ear, nose and throat doctor. I had an emergency visit for an ear infection, which was causing a level of pain I hadn’t experienced since giving birth. He looked at the list of drugs I was taking for my bipolar disorder and closed my chart.
“I don’t feel comfortable prescribing anything,” he said. “Not with everything else you’re on.” He said it was probably safe to take Tylenol and politely but firmly indicated it was time for me to go. The next day my eardrum ruptured and I was left with minor but permanent hearing loss.
Another time I was lying on the examining table when a gastroenterologist I was seeing for the first time looked at my list of drugs and shook her finger in my face. “You better get yourself together psychologically,” she said, “or your stomach is never going to get any better.”
If you met me, you’d never know I was mentally ill. In fact, I’ve gone through most of my adult life without anyone ever knowing — except when I’ve had to reveal it to a doctor. And that revelation changes everything. It wipes clean the rest of my résumé, my education, my accomplishments, reduces me to a diagnosis.
I was surprised when, after one of these run-ins, my psychopharmacologist said this sort of behavior was all too common. At least 14 studies have shown that patients with a serious mental illness receive worse medical care than “normal” people. Last year the World Health Organization called the stigma and discrimination endured by people with mental health conditions “a hidden human rights emergency.”
I never knew it until I started poking around, but this particular kind of discriminatory doctoring has a name. It’s called “diagnostic overshadowing.”
According to a review of studies done by the Institute of Psychiatry at King’s College, London, it happens a lot. As a result, people with a serious mental illness — including bipolar disorder, major depression, schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder — end up with wrong diagnoses and are under-treated.
That is a problem, because if you are given one of these diagnoses you probably also suffer from one or more chronic physical conditions: though no one quite knows why, migraines, irritable bowel syndrome and mitral valve prolapse often go hand in hand with bipolar disorder.
Less mysterious is the weight gain associated with most of the drugs used to treat bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, which can easily snowball into diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease. The drugs can also sedate you into a state of zombiedom, which can make going to the gym — or even getting off your couch — virtually impossible.
It’s little wonder that many people with a serious mental illness don’t seek medical attention when they need it. As a result, many of us end up in emergency rooms — where doctors, confronted with an endless stream of drug addicts who come to their door looking for an easy fix — are often all too willing to equate mental illness with drug-seeking behavior and refuse to prescribe pain medication.
I should know: a few years ago I had a persistent migraine, and after weeks trying to get an appointment with any of the handful of headache specialists in New York City, I broke down and went to the E.R. My husband filled out paperwork and gave the nurse my list of drugs. The doctors finally agreed to give me something stronger than what my psychopharmacologist could prescribe for the pain and hooked me up to an IV.
I lay there for hours wearing sunglasses to block out the fluorescent light, waiting for the pain relievers to kick in. But the headache continued. “They gave you saline and electrolytes,” my psychopharmacologist said later. “Welcome to being bipolar.”
When I finally saw the specialist two weeks later (during which time my symptoms included numbness and muscle weakness), she accused me of being “a serious cocaine user” (I don’t touch the stuff) and of displaying symptoms of “la belle indifference,” a 19th-century term for a kind of hysteria in which the patient converts emotional symptoms into physical ones — i.e., it was all in my head.
Indeed, given my experience over the last two decades, I shouldn’t have been surprised by the statistics I found in the exhaustive report “Morbidity and Mortality in People with Serious Mental Illness,” a review of studies published in 2006 that provides an overview of recommendations and general call to arms by the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors. The take-away: people who suffer from a serious mental illness and use the public health care system die 25 years earlier than those without one.
True, suicide is a big factor, accounting for 30 to 40 percent of early deaths. But 60 percent die of preventable or treatable conditions. First on the list is, unsurprisingly, cardiovascular disease. Two studies showed that patients with both a mental illness and a cardiovascular condition received about half the number of follow-up interventions, like bypass surgery or cardiac catheterization, after having a heart attack than did the “normal” cardiac patients.
The report also contains a list of policy recommendations, including designating patients with serious mental illnesses as a high-priority population; coordinating and integrating mental and physical health care for such people; education for health care workers and patients; and a quality-improvement process that supports increased access to physical health care and ensures appropriate prevention, screening and treatment services.
Such changes, if implemented, might make a real difference. And after seven years of no change, signs of movement are popping up, particularly among academic programs aimed at increasing awareness of mental health issues. Several major medical schools now have programs in the medical humanities, an emerging field that draws on diverse disciplines including the visual arts, humanities, music and science to make medical students think differently about their patients. And Johns Hopkins offers a doctor of public health with a specialization in mental health.
Perhaps the most notable of these efforts — and so far the only one of its kind — is the narrative medicine program at Columbia University Medical Center, which starts with the premise that there is a disconnect between health care and patients and that health care workers need to start listening to what their patients are telling them, and not just looking at what’s written on their charts.
According to the program’s mission statement, “The effective practice of health care requires the ability to recognize, absorb, interpret, and act on the stories and plights of others. Medicine practiced with narrative competence is a model for humane and effective medical practice.”
We can only hope that humanizing programs like this one become a requirement for all health care workers. Maybe then “first, do no harm” will apply to everyone, even the mentally ill.
By JULIANN GAREY
Published: August 10, 2013
Reblogging because this is the sort of thing that needs signal boosting the heck out of it. Probably many of the people who see this in my Tumblr are people who already know from first-hand experience as a patient. Probably most of the people who even know my Tumblr exists are not in a position to perpetuate this problem (because they aren’t doctors). But I figure if more people get info like this circulating, maybe eventually someone in a better position to reach more doctors with this kind of information and open serious dialogue about how to address the problem will come across this.
Until then, at least a better informed patient population can, I hope, be in a better position to advocate for themselves—if not always as individuals then perhaps as groups.
Ferguson, Missouri Update
Ferguson Round-Up (8/19)
Ferguson Round-Up (8/18)
Ferguson Round-Up (8/15)
Ferguson Round-Up (8/14)
Ferguson Round-Up (8/13)
Ferguson Round-Up (8/12)
Outburst interrupts night of peace in Ferguson (St. Louis Post-Dispatch)
Missouri Highway Patrol Captain Ron Johnson said 47 people were arrested and three loaded handguns were seized during the protests Tuesday night and early today. In a news conference that began at about 2:15 this morning, Johnson said officers interrupted criminal activities and prevented violence. “Protest crowds were a bit smaller, and they were out earlier,” he said, noting that no Molotov cocktails were thrown or bullets fired by protesters. However, he said some “criminals and agitators” threatened police, threw glass and plastic bottles — some filled with urine — at officers and hid behind members of the media covering the protests.
Shooting Accounts Differ as Holder Schedules Visit to Ferguson (New York Times)
As a county grand jury prepared to hear evidence on Wednesday in the shooting death of a black teenager by a white police officer that touched off 10 days of unrest here, witnesses have given investigators sharply conflicting accounts of the killing.
The face-off between police and protesters in and around Ferguson, Mo., continued Tuesday, with tensions further kindled by reports of another police shooting and by more details about slain teenager Michael Brown. President Obama sounded a note of empathy for “young men of color” who are “left behind and seen only as objects of fear” and called for calm as the National Guard made its presence known on the scene and Attorney General Eric Holder announced his plans to travel there Wednesday.
Nobody Knows How Many Americans The Police Kill Each Year (FiveThirtyEight)
Earlier this month, a police officer shot and killed an unarmed black teenager, Michael Brown, in Ferguson, Missouri. The shooting and the response have reignited concerns about racial profiling, police brutality and police militarization. The incident has also drawn attention to a remarkable lack of knowledge about a seemingly basic fact: how often people are killed by the police. Some reporting has put forward one of the only figures available: the approximately 400 “justifiable police homicides” each year since 2008, according to the FBI’s annual Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR). That data point has appeared with heavy caveats in a string of media reports, including in USA Today, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and the Washington Post. The statistic might seem solid at first glance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Bureau of Justice Statistics — independently of the FBI — also estimate the number of police homicides per year at around 400.
As anger and frustration continue in Ferguson, Missouri over the killing of Michael Brown by a police officer, which appears to be a result of the use of excessive force, attention must also go to the excessive economic coercion used by America’s police. Frivolous traffic stops and coercive threats allow police to extract money from citizens through tickets, fines, and court costs. Economic intimidation via petty stops, searches, and seizures is a national problem that finds particular resonance in minority communities like Ferguson.
Police mistrust still prevalent years later (Associated Press)
rown’s death is the latest illustration of deep divisions between minorities and police that have simmered for generations. Concern about the events playing out in Ferguson has coursed all the way up to the White House. President Barack Obama said Attorney General Eric Holder would go to Missouri this week to check on the independent federal investigation into Brown’s death. “In too many communities around the country, a gulf of mistrust exists between local residents and law enforcement,” the president said.
‘Outside agitators’ worsening unrest in Ferguson, Mo., residents say (Kansas City Star)
“People of Ferguson are getting punished for the actions of outside agitators,” said Kenny Murdock, 47, who hosts a show on a St. Louis radio station. Antonio French, a St. Louis alderman who had been documenting the protests and the security response on social media, pointed via Twitter to a small group of people who “cannot be defined as protesters/demonstrators. They are more like fighters/rebels/insurgents.” The crowds at night are younger and rowdier, said Laparasena Gandy, 25, who protested Monday across from the Ferguson Police Department.
The extremely militaristic police response to the protests in Ferguson, Missouri, which have occurred nightly since a police officer shot unarmed teenager Michael Brown to death on August 9, has shocked many Americans. In its tactics, appearance, and especially equipment, the security operation looks more like it belongs on a battlefield in Iraq or Afghanistan than in the streets of an American suburb. Armored vehicles, tear gas, full combat gear, rifles — what is all that? From LRADs to MRAPs, here’s a brief guide to the equipment being used against civilians in the St. Louis suburb.
If you compared the racial makeup of Ferguson, Missouri’s population as a whole to that of its government, it would be easy to mistake the city for an enclave of Jim Crow. Although nearly 70 percent of Ferguson is black, 50 of its 53 police officers are white. So are five of Ferguson’s six city council members. The mayor, James Knowles, is a white Republican. Ferguson can help ensure that its leaders more closely resemble its population, however. They just need to hold their elections at a time when voters are actually likely to show up.
A school teacher from Raleigh has helped raise more than $71,000 in just four short days for the children of Ferguson, according to FeedTheStudents.org. Julianna Mendelsohn, 33, started a Fundly campaign on August 14 with the aim to raise $80,000 for the St Louis Foodbank. The teacher cited the fact that many children in the U.S. rely on school to get what could be the kids only meal for the day.
For people in the news business, Twitter was initially viewed as one more way to promote and distribute content. But as the world has become an ever more complicated place — a collision of Ebola, war in Iraq, crisis in Ukraine and more — Twitter has become an early warning service for news organizations, a way to see into stories even when they don’t have significant reporting assets on the ground. And in a situation hostile to traditional reporting, the crowdsourced, phone-enabled network of information that Twitter provides has proved invaluable.
Six days of violence and protests in a town outside St. Louis are highlighting how poverty is growing fastest on the outskirts of America’s cities, as suburbs have become home to a majority of the nation’s poor. In Ferguson, Missouri, a community of 21,000 where the poverty rate doubled since 2000, the dynamic has bred animosity over racial segregation and economic inequality. Protests over the police killing of an unarmed black teenager on Aug. 9 have drawn international attention to the St. Louis suburb’s growing underclass.
Ferguson Police Militarization: Cash Flowed To Lawmakers Who Voted To ‘Militarize’ Police (International Business Times)
As local law enforcement has deployed martial tactics against those protesting the police killing of an 18-year-old in Ferguson, Missouri, a debate is suddenly raging over how municipal police forces came to resemble military units. A new report suggests the trend may, in part, have to do with campaign contributions to congressional lawmakers.
Winona LaDuke, executive director of Native environmental group Honor the Earth, launched the “Love Water Not Oil” horse ride this week to draw attention to the group’s continued opposition to the Enbridge Sandpiper pipeline. It would carry fracked oil from North Dakota’s Bakken shale oil fields…
MUST See & Happy Birthday to Democracy Now! 18 years and running, thank you Amy Goodman for waking us up to the truth.
BRITT, Iowa — Veteran hobo Gerard “Frog” Fortin hopped his first freight train in 1970 in Florida, riding an open-topped gondola car through the night to New Orleans. It was the beginning of a lifelong love affair.
“I remember that entire night. I didn’t fall asleep because I was just so mesmerized by the wide-open skies and the stars shining in on me. I was just so thrilled. I just felt that exhilarated. That wanderlust in me was finally filled,” he recalled, beaming at the memory. “It was total and absolute freedom.”
After 31 years traveling the United States and working as an itinerant laborer, cook and sometime oil rig worker in the Gulf of Mexico, Fortin, 64, joined a growing number of aging hobos who have retired and settled down.
Photo: Eli Hiller
Patrick Cockburn, author of The Jihadis Return: ISIS and the New Sunni Uprising, discusses the beheading of journalist James Foley and the future of the Islamic State on Truthdig Radio.
Taste the Cake
Best #P0rtal Fan Soundtrack!
me after the anaconda video
Moon flowers, yes? My grandmother loved these, we have them planted in our garden :)
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